Acquisition of Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicles: A Case Study

Report Number: UMD-AM-10-178

Series: Acquisition Management

Category: Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP)

Report Series: Sponsored Report

Authors: Jacques S. Gansler, William Lucyshyn, William Varettoni

Title: Acquisition of Mine-Resistant, Ambush-Protected (MRAP) Vehicles: A Case Study

Published: 2010-03-01

Sponsored By: Acquisition Research Program

Status: Published--Unlimited Distribution

Research Type: Other Research Faculty

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Keywords: Mine-Resistant Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicle program, Improvised explosive devices (IEDs), High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs)


As the largest and fastest industrial mobilization since World War II, the Mine-Resistant
Ambush-Protected (MRAP) vehicle program is a testament to the scale and efficiency
possible when government and industry collaborate with a sense of urgency, patriotism,
and pragmatism. Public pressure over rising casualty numbers, intense political scrutiny,
and support from the highest levels of government all combined into a set of unique
circumstances. Given great uncertainty in the nature of future security issues, however,
urgent and unforeseen needs will frequently press the procurement system. The MRAP
program, precisely because of its size and scope, brings into sharp relief the merits and
deficiencies of the current system for rapid acquisitions.
Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) were the number one killer of troops in Iraq and
Afghanistan. In response to increasing IED attacks, the Defense Department began
adding armor kits to High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs) and
procuring up-armored HMMWVs. Even with added armor, the HMMWV