Training for Success: A Comparison of Anti-Fraud Knowledge Competencies

Report Number: NPS-AM-14-201

Series: Contract Management

Category: Procurement Fraud

Report Series: Sponsored Reports

Authors: Nicholas Essex and Mercedes Gaffney

Title: Training for Success: A Comparison of Anti-Fraud Knowledge Competencies

Published: 2014-12-01

Sponsored By: Acquisition Research Program

Status: Published--Unlimited Distribution

Research Type: Graduate Student

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Keywords: Procurement; Procurement Fraud


The United States Air Force (USAF) spends billions of dollars each year on procurement contracts ranging from simple services to major weapons systems acquisitions. While procurement spending provides the USAF with access to specialized services that would not normally be available within the Department of Defense, procurement fraud is an unfortunate byproduct of the acquisition process. As the primary agency responsible for investigating incidents of major procurement fraud in the USAF, the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI) has developed and implemented a number of specific training programs that focus on anti-fraud and financial crimes education for the special agents assigned to conduct fraud investigations. In an effort to foster continued program improvement, this research compared AFOSI anti-fraud training curriculum and certification requirements with the professional standard anti-fraud certification requirements established by the Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE). The comparison identified gaps and overlaps between the AFOSI training requirements and the ACFE certification requirements. This research identified that approximately two-thirds of the knowledge competencies overlapped between the two sets of requirements. The overlaps implied a common understanding between the two organizations regarding the knowledge competencies necessary for an individual to possess in order to adequately investigate fraud. The gaps in knowledge competencies between the two organizations were attributed to differences in purview, organizational mission, and jurisdiction between the AFOSI and the ACFE.